Acne is a condition that can plague many of us, and is not something that effects just teenagers. With over 45% of adult women being effected it is definitely on the rise.
When treating acne there are 4 contributing factors to its manifestation that need to be considered.-
1 - Skin cell production. Acne skins can produce up to 4 or 5 x more skin cells than a normal skin. This is something that needs to be managed. Retinoids or Exfoliation are a great way to do this.
2- Oil Production, Especially in younger skins can be excessive due to hormonal changes. Product choices should remain oil free and oil absorbing, key ingredients and clay and mandellic acid.
3- Bacteria- Bacteria love to feed on the glucose that is a by-product of the oil we produce, In particular the P- acne bacterium are the culprits found in an acne skin.
Active ingredients such as Niacinamide (vitamin B3) are effective at reducing P-acne.
4- Inflammation. With all of the above factors at play it is no wonder the hair follicles get irritated and inflamed with all of the excess activity that is taking place. Inflammation should be prioritised first and foremost in the treatment of acne. Calming and soothing ingredients should be incorporated into an acne homecare routine.
In clinic, a combination of advanced facials with LED phototherapy and chemical peels are the best course of action.